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Cork City had a thriving tram system for the thirty years up to 1931.
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Horses, coaches, sedan chairs, boats, trains, buses, trams , read Ireland's rich & colourful history of transport and infrastructure by Bernard Share.
John's Bridge, Kilkenny
Property of Dr. Brendan Grimes
Midland Great Western Railway Station Athlone
Early 20th Century view of the Midland Great Western Railway Station Athlone, architect J.S. Mulvany. This is an Edwardian view of the Midland Great Western Railway Station in Athlone, which was one of two railway stations in Athlone. Located on a site at Ranelagh on the west side of Athlone, the road which was constructed to connect this station with the town centre became the main Athlone-Galway road. The station opened in 1851 when the first train crossed the Shannon to the west of Ireland. It was designed by the architect J.S. Mulvany who also designed the Broadstone Station in Dublin. It consists of a long Italianate frontage of seventeen bays. This spacious building once housed both a busy railway station and a railway hotel. It closed in 1983 and now serves as engineering offices for Irish Rail.
Out of copyright
The Arrival of the Ford Plane from Greenly Island Bringing Major Fitzmaurice to Lake St.Agnes.
The Ford plane carrying Major James C.Fitzmaurice from Greenly Island to Lake St. Agnes. Fitzmaurice had flown from Baldonnel, County Dublin, Ireland to Greenly Island, Newfoundland in what was the first ever east-west trans-Atlantic flight on 12th/13th April 1927.
Captain Hermann Koehl and Baron Guenther Von Huenefeld
Photograph depicting Captain Hermann Koehl (co-pilot) and Baron Guenther Von Huenefeld (passenger), two men, who, along with Irishman James C. Fitzmaurice, made the first East-West flight across the Atlantic Ocean in April 1927.
The New Post Office
Approximately thirty years after the separate post office was established in Ireland from the Royal mail, the General Post Office or the New Post Office was built in 1814. The post office was originally situated on the north side of Dame Street. However, it has changed location due to a lack of space onto College Greene, and then on again to the west side of Sackville Street (now O'Connell Street). The building itself was designed by the famous architect, Francis Johnston. It is mainly made of granite, and is 233 feet wide, 150 feet in depth, and fifty feet high to the top of the cornice. The building was designed in an ionic classical style with its columns and Portland stone portico. The three statues in the pediment were sculpted by Edward Smith a famous sculptor of the time who also worked on the Custom House. The statues represent Hibernia, Mercury and Fidelity. The image is taken from the book the History of Dublin, by Warburton, Whitelaw & walsh, 1818.
Cork Harbour 1840
Cork Harbour has been a place of trade and travelling for centuries. It is one of the largest natural harbours in the world, with its unusual Great Island situated in the midst of the harbour. The harbour has seen many ships come and go including the Viking tall ships, the royal navies, cruise liners including the Titanic and the Lusitania, and many more. Cork harbour became widely known as a place of refuge and refuelling in the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars of the late eighteenth centuries, and early nineteenth centuries. It was also from Cork Harbour that emigrants left for a new life in America aboard the 'coffin ships' and convicts were transported to their life of exile in Australia, in the mid nineteenth century. Cork Harbour has been an important port of the Royal Navy before Ireland's independence, making Cork a great stronghold for the British Government in Ireland. Trade with other European cities was very popular in Cork Harbour especially trade with France, and butter became a huge export from Ireland across Europe from this town.
Canal and Flyboat at Longford
In 1755 two canal routes were proposed to join the Shannon with Dublin. While the Grand Canal was approved for construction, a more northerly route was dismissed. However, later in the 1780s a northerly route similar to that which was previously dismissed was now permitted for construction. The exact route of the canal was not planned, which caused some problems during its construction along with the hindrance of the Grand Canal Company's objection to the northern canal joining the River Shannon via Lough Ree. The canal was finally finished in 1817 reaching the river Shannon at Clondra, Co. Longford. Despite its delay, the quality of work done on the Royal Canal was very high. A total of forty-seven locks (including the sea lock), and four major aqueducts were built to carry the canal over the rivers Ryewater, Boyne and Inny. In total, eighty-six bridges were constructed. Traffic of goods on the Royal Canal was never as good as it was on the Grand Canal and the anticipated trade from Lough Allen did not materialise. However, the passenger service was increased as hotels were built along the route and the speed of the journeys were greatly reduced when lighter "fly" boats were introduced in 1833. This illustration shows a section of the Royal Canal, with a flyboat passing under a bridge. They were hauled along by horses that ran alongside the banks of the canal at a speed of about seven miles per hour.
Bernard Share, Author of the Transport Feature
Bernard Share contributed the material on inland transport to the new Encyclopaedia of Ireland and is consultant to the Heritage Office of Iarnród Éireann. He is a former editor of Cara, the in-flight magazine of Aer Lingus and was founder editor of Books Ireland. His books include Slanguage - A Dictionary of Slang & Colloquial English in Ireland, which is in its second edition; A History of Aer Lingus; Shannon Departures-A Study of Regional Initiatives; and, The Emergency-A Social History of Ireland in World War II. He has also written three novels and books for children. He has lectured in English in Australia and written and broadcast programmes for RTÉ and ABC, Sydney. He lives in Co. Kildare.
Courtesy of Raimund Specht of Avisoft Bioacoustics.
Environment & Geography
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