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  • Terence MacSwiney

Political Career

In 1918, Terence MacSwiney was elected unopposed to the first Dáil Éireann as Sinn Féin representative for Mid Cork. He was also elected a member of Cork Corporation. On his release from jail, he became Tomás MacCurtain's second in command in the Cork Brigade of the Irish Republican Army (IRA). After MacCurtain was murdered by Royal Irish Constabulary and Black and Tans in March 1920, MacSwiney became both Lord Mayor of Cork and Commandant of the Cork Brigade.

On 12 August 1920, MacSwiney and other members of the Cork Brigade were arrested. MacSwiney was charged with the possession of a cipher key to coded messages used by the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) and three other counts of sedition. He was tried by court martial on 16 August 1920 and sentenced to two years' imprisonment.